Early Holocene Greenland-ice mass loss likely triggered earthquakes and tsunami

Rebekka Steffen, Holger Steffen, Robert Weiss, Benoit S. Lecavalier, Glenn A. Milne, Sarah A. Woodroffe, Ole Bennike

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

4 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstrakt

Due to their large mass, ice sheets induce significant stresses in the Earth's crust. Stress release during deglaciation can trigger large-magnitude earthquakes, as indicated by surface faults in northern Europe. Although glacially-induced stresses have been analyzed in northern Europe, they have not yet been analyzed for Greenland. We know that the Greenland Ice Sheet experienced a large melting period in the early Holocene, and so here, we analyze glacially-induced stresses during deglaciation for Greenland for the first time. Instability occurs in southern Greenland, where we use a combined analysis of past sea level indicators and a model of glacially-induced fault reactivation to show that deglaciation of the Greenland Ice Sheet may have caused a large magnitude earthquake or a series of smaller magnitude earthquakes around 10,600 years ago offshore south-western Greenland. The earthquake(s) may have shifted relative sea level observations by several meters. If the earthquake-induced stress release was created during a single event, it could have produced a tsunami in the North Atlantic Ocean with runup heights of up to 7.2 m in the British Isles and up to 7.8 m along Canadian coasts.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer116443
Antal sider9
TidsskriftEarth and Planetary Science Letters
Vol/bind546
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 15 sep. 2020

Programområde

  • Programområde 5: Natur og klima

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