Depositional environment and burial history of a Lower Cretaceous carbonaceous claystone (Skyttegård Member) Bornholm, Denmark

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A c. 1 m thick carbonaceous claystone from the type locality of the Lower Cretaceous Skyttegard Member (Rabekke Formation), Bomholm, has been investi
gated by organic petrographic and organic geochemical methods in order to assess the depositional environment of the claystone and the thermal maturity of the organic matter. The claystone was deposited in a low-energy, anoxic lake which occasionally was marine influenced. The organic matter is terrestrial and can be classified as kerogen type III and Ilb. Detrital organic matter and cutinite are characteristic components. The organic matter is allochthonous but the transport distance was short, and the plant material was probably mainly derived from plants growing at the edge of, or nearto, the lake. Source-specific biomarkers such as norisopimarane suggest that the plant litter was derived from a gymnospermous, low-diversity vegetation. Evidence for early angiospermous plants cannot be demonstrated with any certainty. A huminite reflectance value of 0.24%Rm and several geochemical parameters indicate that the organic matter is highly immature. It has only experienced coalification corresponding to the peat stage. Estimates show that, prior to uplift, the claystone was buried to a maximum of approximately 260 m. Reflectance data further suggest that a maximum c. 550 m thick sediment package was removed by erosion prior to deposition of the ?uppermost Jurassic-Lower Cretaceous sediments on Lower Jurassic strata.
Sider (fra-til)133-142
Antal sider10
TidsskriftBulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark
Udgave nummer2
StatusUdgivet - 5 dec. 1996


  • Programområde 5: Natur og klima


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