Controls on upper Campanian–Maastrichtian chalk deposition in the eastern Danish Basin

Myriam Boussaha, Nicolas Thibault, Kresten Anderskouv, Julien Moreau, Lars Stemmerik

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

18 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstrakt

Detailed facies analysis of a 350 m long core of upper Campanian–Maastrichtian chalk at Stevns Peninsula, eastern Denmark, shows that four mudstone and wackestone chalk facies account for close to 95% of the succession, and that bioturbated mudstone chalk alone accounts for nearly 55% of the sediment. Sedimentation took place in deep water, below the photic zone and storm-wave base, and is characterized by decimetre to metre-scale variations in facies and trace fossil assemblages indicating repeated shifts in depositional environment. Integration of facies with published data on sea-surface temperature and accumulation rates suggests that sea-surface temperature is the most important parameter in controlling stratification of the water column and thereby, indirectly, the observed variations in depositional facies. However, bioturbated mudstone chalk occurs in all stratigraphic levels independent of accumulation rates and sea temperatures and is interpreted to represent a very broad set of deep water environmental conditions with an ample supply of calcareous nannofossil debris and intense bioturbation. Longer term shifts in deposition are best expressed by distribution of clay, flint and bioturbated micro-wackestone, bioturbated wackestone and laminated mudstone chalk facies, whereas the trace fossil assemblages appear less useful. The data set indicates overall shallowing over time with two distinctive events of clay influx to the basin during the late Campanian–earliest Maastrichtian and late Maastrichtian.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Sider (fra-til)1998-2030
Antal sider33
TidsskriftSedimentology
Vol/bind64
Udgave nummer7
DOI
StatusUdgivet - dec. 2017
Udgivet eksterntJa

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  • Programområde 3: Energiressourcer

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