Contamination of the Arctic reflected in microbial metagenomes from the Greenland ice sheet

Aviaja L. Hauptmann, Thomas Sicheritz-Pontén, Karen A. Cameron, Jacob Bælum, Damian R. Plichta, Marlene Dalgaard, Marek Stibal

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

25 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstrakt

Globally emitted contaminants accumulate in the Arctic and are stored in the frozen environments of the cryosphere. Climate change influences the release of these contaminants through elevated melt rates, resulting in increased contamination locally. Our understanding of how biological processes interact with contamination in the Arctic is limited. Through shotgun metagenomic data and binned genomes from metagenomes we show that microbial communities, sampled from multiple surface ice locations on the Greenland ice sheet, have the potential for resistance to and degradation of contaminants. The microbial potential to degrade anthropogenic contaminants, such as toxic and persistent polychlorinated biphenyls, was found to be spatially variable and not limited to regions close to human activities. Binned genomes showed close resemblance to microorganisms isolated from contaminated habitats. These results indicate that, from a microbiological perspective, the Greenland ice sheet cannot be seen as a pristine environment.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer074019
Antal sider10
TidsskriftEnvironmental Research Letters
Vol/bind12
Udgave nummer7
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 11 jul. 2017

Programområde

  • Programområde 5: Natur og klima

Fingeraftryk

Dyk ned i forskningsemnerne om 'Contamination of the Arctic reflected in microbial metagenomes from the Greenland ice sheet'. Sammen danner de et unikt fingeraftryk.

Citationsformater