Carboniferous Palynostratigraphy of borehole SDJ1 from Santa Susana region, Ossa Morena Zone, Portugal

Z Pereira, G Lopes, P Fernandes, JX Matos, D Rosa, JT Oliveira

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/rapport/konferenceproceedingsAbstract i proceedings

Abstrakt

The borehole SDJ1, with a total depth of 404.5 meters, was drilled in 1991 by the Servico de Fomento Mineiro to investigate an Electromagnetic TEM conductor (Oliveira & Matos1991). This hole is located in the eastern sector of the Santa Susana/Moinho da Ordem coal mine (1927-1944), in the Jongeis mine sector. The borehole log indicates that it cuts lithologies of the Carboniferous Toea da Moura Complex (TMC) and the Santa Susana Formation (SSF). The TMC is a bimodal volcano-sedimentary sequence whose outcrops are dispersed along the southwestern border of the Portuguese part of the Ossa Morena Zone (OMZ). The TMC is dated of late Tournaisian to mid Late Visean age based on miospores (Cunha in Andrade et aI., 1991; Pereira et aI., 2006). The TMC is followed by the continental coal-bearing detritic sediments of the late Moscovian SSF, based on macroflora (Wagner & Sousa, 1983) and miospores (Machado, 2010), by a probable fault contact. The SDJ1 borehole is one of the few in this region and offered the unique opportunity to recognize the TMC and SSF in depth.
Considering the current LNEG mapping surveying in the region (Escoural 1:50,000 scale map), the SDJ1 borehole was carefully sampled for palynostratigraphic studies and five lithological intervals were examined: (1) 3.5-57m, consists of black shales and basic volcanics of the TMC and yielded miospores assemblages assigned to the mid late Visean (NM Biozone). (2) 58-230 m consists of volcanic rocks (mainly ryodacites), (3) The following interval, from 231.1-294.9m, consists of grey to black shales with microconglomerates and rare arenites. Assemblages recovered in this interval, yielded abundant and moderately preserved miospores of NM Biozone of mid late Visean age.
This age does not agree with the previous interpretation from this interval, based only on lithological grounds that correlated it to the continental coal-bearing sediments of SSF (Oliveira & Matos 1991). (4) The samples collected in the interval 305-377.8 m consist of volcanic rocks (possibly intrusives) and thin black snales beds; the last provided a moderately preserved association of miospores assigned, again, to the NM Biozone. (5) The last interval between 390.7-404.5m consists of black shales which were correlated to the SSF on lithological grounds. However, the sampled shales between 390.7 and 397.7m yielded miospores assigned to the NM Biozone of mid Late Visean. Whereas, the shales from the 400.6 and 404.5m interval provided an assemblage assigned to the SL Biozone of mid Moscovian age, suggesting a fault contact between the two shale units.
Thus, the borehole SDJ1 cuts mainly the TMC of mid Late Visean age to the mid Moscovian age. For the first time TMC reaches the mid Moscovian age, meaning that this complex has a larger geographical expression, as shown during the current mapping survey. Further detailed research is being undertaken to investigate this question. Together with the Carboniferous miospores are reworked Lower Palaleozoic palynomorphs, a common signature throughout, that may represent an important tool for the interpretation of the tectonics of the Toea da Moura - Santa Susana basins (see Lopes et al. this volume).
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Titel44th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Stratigraphic Palynogists, Abstract volume
UdgivelsesstedSouthampton
ForlagAmerican Association of Stratigraphic Palynologists
Sider32
StatusUdgivet - 2011
Begivenhed44th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Stratigraphic Palynologists - Southampton, United Kingdom
Varighed: 1 sep. 2011 → …

Konference

Konference44th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Stratigraphic Palynologists
BySouthampton, United Kingdom
Periode1/09/11 → …

Programområde

  • Programområde 4: Mineralske råstoffer

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