An analytical method is described for the extraction of metsulfuron-methyl from soil at sub-parts per billion levels (LOQ = 0.2 μg kg-1). The herbicide was quantitatively determined and identified by ESI LC/MS/MS. The method has been applied to a field dissipation study in which metsulfuron-methyl was applied to spring barley at three dosage rates: 4, 8, and 16 g of active ingredient ha-1. The results of 2 years are presented. The dissipation rate of metsulfuron-methyl in topsoil was very rapid, with a calculated half-life of 6.5 days. Laboratory mineralization studies with native soils in contrast to autoclaved soils indicated that microbial degradation of 14C-labeled metsulfuron-methyl and 14C-labeled 2-amino-4-methoxy-6-methyl-1,3,5-triazine in soil microcosms is an important factor for the complete degradation of metsulfuron-methyl in the field. However, the mineralization rate of the sulfonamide was much higher.
- Programområde 2: Vandressourcer