Analysis of metsulfuron-methyl in soil by liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry. Application to a field dissipation study

Rossana Bossi, Piet Seiden, Søren M. Andersen, Carsten S. Jacobsen, Jens C. Streibig

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Abstrakt

An analytical method is described for the extraction of metsulfuron-methyl from soil at sub-parts per billion levels (LOQ = 0.2 μg kg-1). The herbicide was quantitatively determined and identified by ESI LC/MS/MS. The method has been applied to a field dissipation study in which metsulfuron-methyl was applied to spring barley at three dosage rates:  4, 8, and 16 g of active ingredient ha-1. The results of 2 years are presented. The dissipation rate of metsulfuron-methyl in topsoil was very rapid, with a calculated half-life of 6.5 days. Laboratory mineralization studies with native soils in contrast to autoclaved soils indicated that microbial degradation of 14C-labeled metsulfuron-methyl and 14C-labeled 2-amino-4-methoxy-6-methyl-1,3,5-triazine in soil microcosms is an important factor for the complete degradation of metsulfuron-methyl in the field. However, the mineralization rate of the sulfonamide was much higher.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Sider (fra-til)4462–4468
Antal sider7
TidsskriftJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Vol/bind47
Udgave nummer10
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1999

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  • Programområde 2: Vandressourcer

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