An evolutionary Bayesian belief network methodology for optimum management of groundwater contamination

Raziyeh Farmani, Hans Jørgen Henriksen, Dragan Savic

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

84 Citationer (Scopus)


An integrated methodology, based on Bayesian belief network (BBN) and evolutionary multi-objective optimization (EMO), is proposed for combining available evidence to help water managers evaluate implications, including costs and benefits of alternative actions, and suggest best decision pathways under uncertainty. A Bayesian belief network is a probabilistic graphical model that represents a set of variables and their probabilistic relationships, which also captures historical information about these dependencies. In complex applications where the task of defining the network could be difficult, the proposed methodology can be used in validation of the network structure and the parameters of the probabilistic relationship. Furthermore, in decision problems where it is difficult to choose appropriate combinations of interventions, the states of key variables under the full range of management options cannot be analyzed using a Bayesian belief network alone as a decision support tool. The proposed optimization method is used to deal with complexity in learning about actions and probabilities and also to perform inference. The optimization algorithm generates the state variable values which are fed into the Bayesian belief network. It is possible then to calculate the probabilities for all nodes in the network (belief propagation). Once the probabilities of all the linked nodes have been updated, the objective function values are returned to the optimization tool and the process is repeated. The proposed integrated methodology can help in dealing with uncertainties in decision making pertaining to human behavior. It also eliminates the shortcoming of Bayesian belief networks in introducing boundary constraints on probability of state values of the variables. The effectiveness of the proposed methodology is examined in optimum management of groundwater contamination risks for a well field capture zone outside Copenhagen city.

Sider (fra-til)303-310
Antal sider8
TidsskriftEnvironmental Modelling and Software
Udgave nummer3
StatusUdgivet - mar. 2009


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