An attempt to resolve the partly conflicting data and ideas on the Ancylyus-Littorina transition

Svante Björck, Thomas Andrén, Jørn Bo Jensen

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

39 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstrakt

The transition phase between the Ancylus and Littorina stages of the Baltic Sea is an old controversial topic. With the newest data available we try to reach a compromise between the "dramatic" model, including a sudden and large drainage of the Ancylus Lake, and the idea of a non-existing Ancylus drainage through Denmark. This new model includes a minor, perhaps 5 m, sudden erosion and forced regression slightly before 10000 cal. yrs BP. This was followed by a 200-300 yr long period when the outlet through Denmark and Great Belt (Dana River) was characterized by a variable fluvial environment creating fluvial, levée and lacustrine deposits. During this period of rapidly rising sea level, we postulate that the gradient between the Ancylus Lake and sea level gradually decreased from some 5 in until sea level had reached the Ancylus and Darss Sill level. After this point in time occasional pulses of marine water could easier enter into the Baltic basin, which is seen as brackish pulses as early as 9800 cal. yrs BP in records from the Bornholm and Gotland basins, but also from Blekinge. It would, however, take another c. 15 00 years before the Öresund threshold was flooded by the rising sea level, causing a significant rise in salinity sometime between 8500-8000 cal. yrs BP, and marking the true onset of the Littorina Sea.

Emneord

  • palaeoenvironmental reconstruction

Programområde

  • Programområde 5: Natur og klima

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