LA-ICP-MS U-Pb dating of zircon, monazite, titanite and rutile was carried out to investigate the temperature-time evolution of eclogite-facies rocks in the Kuummiut Terrane of the Paleoproterozoic Nagssugtoqidian Orogen in South-East Greenland. The terrane is dominated by Archean TTG gneiss and a variety of supracrustal rocks; basic dykes intruded the gneiss during Paleoproterozoic deformation. Detrital zircon in garnet-kyanite schist gives Archean to Paleoproterozoic dates and confines the maximum deposition of the metasediment precursor to 2107 ± 21 Ma. Intrusion of the metabasic dykes occurred at 2146 ± 63 and 2092 ± 22 Ma, within error of the detrital zircon date, possibly indicating near-contemporaneous dyke emplacement and sedimentation. About 200 m.y. after dyke emplacement, the Kuummiut Terrane underwent a clockwise PT-evolution, involving eclogite-facies metamorphism and subsequent exhumation into the mid crust. The majority of zircon, monazite and titanite give metamorphic dates between 1891 ± 10 and 1882 ± 3 Ma. Although the REE patterns in metamorphic zircon reflect growth at eclogite-facies conditions, the zircons are associated with retrograde mineral assemblages and their dates are indistinguishable from amphibolite-facies titanite. This may be interpreted to indicate that the timing of eclogite- and high-pressure amphibolite-facies metamorphism overlap within error, consistent with rapid and tectonically-controlled exhumation. However, previous studies have shown that the REE and U-Pb systematics in zircon may be decoupled during retrograde metamorphism, and the range in dates is thus best interpreted to reflect mineral growth and recrystallization during high-pressure amphibolite-facies retrogression. Monazite and titanite dates between 1872 ± 70 and 1821 ± 31 Ma reflect regional medium-pressure amphibolite-facies metamorphism and mark the final stages of compressional deformation in the Kuummiut Terrane. The subsequent thermal evolution was associated with titanite growth until 1738 ± 61 Ma, a time where the majority of rutile cooled below its closure temperature. The youngest rutile dates at 1645 ± 63 and 1617 ± 91 Ma correlate with the emplacement of post-tectonic intrusive complexes. Collectively, the data show that after an initial tectonically-controlled exhumation, the Kuummiut Terrane experienced relatively slow, erosion-controlled cooling with only minor thermal perturbations during the waning stages of metamorphic and magmatic activity.
- Programområde 4: Mineralske råstoffer