The clinopyroxene-plagioclase-plagioclase dihedral angle, Θcpp, in gabbroic cumulates records the time-integrated thermal history in the sub-solidus and provides a measure of textural maturity. Variations in Θcpp through the Layered Series of the Skaergaard intrusion, East Greenland, demonstrate that the onset of crystallization of clinopyroxene (within LZa), Fe-Ti oxides (at the base of LZc) and apatite (at the base of UZb) as liquidus phases in the bulk magma is recorded by a stepwise increase in textural maturity, related to an increase in the contribution of latent heat to the total heat loss to the surroundings and a reduction in the specific cooling rate at the crystallization front of the intrusion. The onset of both liquidus Fe-Ti oxide and apatite crystallization is marked by a transient increase in textural maturity, probably linked to overstepping before nucleation. Textural maturation at pyroxene-plagioclase-plagioclase triple junctions effectively ceases in the uppermost parts of the Layered Series as a result of the entire pluton cooling below the closure temperature for dihedral angle change, which is ≤1075°C. Solidification of the Layered Series of the Skaergaard intrusion occurred via the upwards propagation of a mush zone only a few metres thick.
- Programområde 4: Mineralske råstoffer