A relict oceanic island are complex in the eastern Akia terrane, Godthåbsfjord, southern West Greenland, constitutes a magmatic and geotectonic link between c. 3.05-3.0 Ga tonalitic orthogneiss and enclaves of older supracrustal amphibolite. The relict arc forms isoclinally folded panels of volcaniclastic meta-andesite with major and trace element island arc signatures, intercalated with volcano-sedimentary schist, tholeiitic amphibolite and opx-rich cumulate rocks. A zircon U-Pb age of 3071 ± 1 Ma obtained from a volcano-sedimentary schist is marginally older than the main orthogneisses and is the first depositional age reported from a supracrustal rock within Akia terrane. Granite sheets were emplaced at c. 3005-2980 Ma synkinematically with the isoclinal folding, and were followed by peak metamorphism at 2990-2970 Ma with substantial recrystallization of volcanic zircon and mobility of large-ion lithophile elements. The identification of the arc complex provides new insight into mid-Archaean continental crustal accretion in West Greenland, and substantiates previous ideas that the orthogneisses are products of slab melting in convergent plate-tectonic settings. The presence of the are complex also implies that Archaean high-grade orthogneiss-amphibolite associations may not represent plate-tectonic environments distinct from granite-greenstone associations, but expose deeper sections of the same convergent systems.
- Programområde 4: Mineralske råstoffer